MHTTCs Implementing Change

MIC Stories: Interconnected Systems Framework Demonstration Project

Featuring the Northwest MHTTC

MIC Stories (MHTTCs Implementing Change) feature technical assistance projects that had a significant impact on practice.

The Need

In many schools in the Pacific Northwest, as is the case across the country, school mental health (when available) is often parallel or siloed from existing social, emotional, and behavioral initiatives, creating inefficiencies and inequities, as well as disconnections and delays for students receiving support. The Interconnected Systems Framework (ISF) is a structure and process that maximizes effectiveness and efficiency by blending the strengths of school and community mental health with strengths of the multi-tiered framework of Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS; Barrett, Eber, & Weist, 2017). Examples of demonstration sites implementing an ISF would be helpful to the Northwest region.


The Northwest ISF Demonstration Project aims to impact student achievement and attainment, increase identification and impact on students with internalizing behaviors, improve wellness, and reduce rates of student discipline problems and related impact of trauma, opioid and substance misuse, suicide prevention, depression, and/or anxiety. The project goals are to increase the capacity of districts to install and sustain effective systems that support the mental wellness of all students at the school level including: 

  • Enhanced provision of school-wide mental health promotion and prevention programs; 
  • Enhanced connection of students to interventions for full range of mental health needs; 
  • Decreased time between problem identification and delivery of effective intervention; 
  • Improved selection and implementation of evidence-based school mental health across tiers; 
  • Improved coordination and communication between school and mental health staff; 
  • Increased proportion of children with mental health problems and their families receiving effective interventions; 
  • Improved communication and collaboration between families, school, and mental health staff; 
  • Improved academic and social/emotional/behavioral functioning of students

(Center on PBIS, 2019)


Three districts in the Pacific Northwest region (two in Washington and one in Oregon) are part of the Northwest ISF Demonstration Project and connected to a larger national ISF initiative. This is a collaborative effort between the Northwest MHTTC, the Center on PBIS, state departments of education, regional training and technical assistance (TA) providers, and districts.

The following criteria were used to identify districts for the project (all districts were participating in Northwest MHTTC training and TA and had reached out requesting additional support):

  • Tier 1 implementation in place for social, emotional, behavioral domains
  • District Leadership team with (or commitment to include) community mental health providers, families and youth
  • District goals reflected an approach to creating positive, proactive climates with a commitment to equity and cultural responsiveness
  •  An overall commitment to creating a culture where mental health is everyone’s job and an emphasis is placed on mental health promotion and preventing problem behaviors
  • Agreement to collect evaluation data
regional map for northwest

What We Did

The Northwest ISF Demonstration Project kicked off in September 2019 and since then, the Northwest MHTTC has provided:

  • Facilitation of monthly learning community meetings that including content based on needs and opportunities for cross-site networking – initially with state leadership team then expanding to include district representatives
  • Coordination and facilitation of a face-to-face meeting with participating districts and other interested districts and their community mental health providers
  • Two-day virtual introductory district team training
  • Technical assistance via email, phone call or zoom as needed
  • Covered travel expenses to attend as members of a fishbowl to observe ISF team training in Boise, ID


Plans for trainings with districts were just getting started when the pandemic began, so the team shifted to monthly virtual meetings for several months, supporting district leaders as they responded to the. The original scope and sequence for training and TA was significantly altered, but participants agreed to continue to be involved and learn aspects of ISF through crisis response efforts during the pandemic.

What Changed?

To learn about participant perceptions of the quality and potential for positive impact of the training, attendees were encouraged to report on their experiences through a series of short feedback forms (results will be released at project completion).

Lead district participants were also asked to provide overall impacts through qualitative responses, here are two submissions:

  • “This year has been unprecedented to say the least. The need for thoughtful, culturally responsive, and trauma-sensitive action from our public schools has never been higher. In the face of COVID-19, the wildfires, racial injustice, and political tensions, our school district leaders have found much needed support and guidance through resources provided by the Northwest MHTTC. Through countless webinars, newsletters, and even conference scholarships, the Northwest MHTTC has guided our district in defining what mental health for all can truly look like in these unprecedented times.”Britta Centoni, Whole Child Coordinator
  • “Now more than ever is this professional learning and support needed in Pre K-12 public education.  With the long term impact of the pandemic on students still unknown, these trainings have allowed me as a Superintendent to continue to focus not only on academics of our students, but the overall health and wellness of our students and staff." – Dr. Jennifer Kubista, Superintendent

Future evaluation will include fidelity and impact data at the district and school level.

Despite shifting from original scope and timeline due to the pandemic, participants utilized the expertise and peer support to bring problems of practice and receive technical assistance and ideas through networking opportunities. In addition, participants continued to deepen their understanding and knowledge of ISF. Each district was able to begin establishing a District Community Leadership Team, identify demonstration school sites, start preliminary assessment of the status of PBIS and School Mental Health, identify areas of need, and work with TA providers to initiate a professional development plan for 2020 – 2021.

What's Next?

The Northwest ISF Demonstration Project will continue in 2021 as schools prepare to bring students back after the pandemic. The project will return to the original plans, including district and team training, assessing fidelity and impact, fortifying Tier 1 and building/strengthening Tiers 2 and 3 inclusive of community partners, and scaling up across each district. The project is also expanding to a regional education service center in Oregon.

Lessons Learned

While schools are often referred to as the “defacto” mental health system for youth, many educational systems are unprepared to support the mental health needs of students and staff. Training and TA are needed to create systems change to merge multiple siloed initiatives, change the role of the clinician, integrate community mental health providers and install SMH within a Multi-Tiered System of Support (MTSS) framework. Due to the pandemic the Northwest MHTTC team had to adjust our plan for support but still saw progress overall as participants applied ISF concepts to the crisis.

Additional lessons learned include the following:

  • While even before the pandemic school mental health was critical, it is essential in today’s era of COVID-19 and beyond. The pandemic created an even more sense of urgency.
  • While in-person professional development is best, we did see gains in knowledge, skills, and confidence through virtual learning. 
  • District leaders can benefit from networking opportunities to learn from one another as well as create important connections to assist with implementation efforts.

By creating demonstration sites, we can learn more about what is involved in integrating SMH within an MTSS framework and offer additional support to other schools and districts. These demonstration sites can partner with other districts to share their lessons learned and help communicate about barriers to policymakers. The Northwest MHTTC, with the support from national school mental health and MTSS subject matter experts, will continue to provide intensive training and TA to the demonstration sites and make lessons learned as well as training material and resources available for everyone. 

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The Northwest MHTTC, funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, is located in Seattle, WA and is housed at the University of Washington. The Northwest MHTTC provides training and technical assistance, and supports, develops and disseminates resources to the behavioral health and primary care workforce in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Region 10, which includes the following states: Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington. The Northwest MHTTC's mission is to advance workforce training and service delivery, help people and organizations incorporate effective practices, and improve the quality and effectiveness of prevention, treatment and recovery services.   


Barrett, S., Eber, l., & Weist, M. (2017). Advancing education effectiveness: Interconnecting school mental health and school-wide positive behavior support.

Center on Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports.(2020). Retrieved December 03, 2020, from

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