Healing Our Protectors: Building Resilience Among Tribal Law Enforcement Officers Through Cultural Interventions



Hard copies of the toolkit are also available. If you'd prefer a hard copy, please reach out to us at [email protected].

Toolkit Description

Healing Our Protectors: Building Resilience Among Tribal Law Enforcement Officers Through Cultural Interventions is a Mountain Plains MHTTC resource that serves behavioral health treatment providers in gaining a deeper understanding of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a result of their work as a law enforcement officer. Co-authored by Leo Belgarde, Sr., it provides a first person account of his experiences as a tribal officer, Bureau of Indian Affairs officer, city officer, and county police officer. It describes events that precipitated him seeking treatment for PTSD and the consequences he faced due to accessing treatment. Healing Our Protectors is a resource that has been developed to provide strength-based, positive, culturally responsive strategies for Indigenous law enforcement officers. If the officer does not connect with this aspect of their culture, this resource still supports a cultural representation of where they are policing and can be modified to meet their needs.



  • LaVonne Fox, PhD
  • Leo Belgarde, Sr.
  • Thomasine Heitkamp, LCSW



  • Shawnda Schroeder, PhD, MA
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