Threat Assessment Protocol

This event was held on April 21st, 2022 from 12:30 p.m. - 2:00 p.m. MT. 

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Event Description

According to the U.S. Department of Education: Guide for developing high-quality school emergency operations plans (2013), research shows that perpetrators of targeted acts of violence engage in both covert and overt behaviors preceding their attacks. They consider, plan, prepare, share, and in some cases, move on to action. One of the most useful tools a school or facility can develop to identify, evaluate, and address these troubling signs is to develop a systematic way to addressing threats. This training will help to protect the interest of those students or people involved in the incident and assist with follow through of aftercare.



  1. Participants will gain knowledge on when and how to address a threat made by a student. 

  1. Participants will be taught how to evaluate the seriousness of a threat and what steps need to be taken.  

  1. Participants will gain resources and templates to utilize in evaluating threats made. 

  1. Participants will understand how to evaluate threats, who needs to be contacted, what needs to be documented  

  1. Participants will receive all necessary flowcharts and threat documentation and feel comfortable utilizing the documents and materials during a threat assessment through role-play and practice and rehearsal. 


Leslie Baunach, MA/CAS, NCSP











Leslie Baunach, NCSP, was a school psychologist with Oahu Central School District for over 10 years. She is currently the National Association of School Psychologists (NASP) Delegate for the state of Hawaii and a Delegate Representative for the West Region on the NASP Board of Directors. Leslie has previously served on the Hawaii Association of School Psychologists (HASP) board of directors as Treasurer and President, and has headed up the legislative platform for nine years, currently serving as the HASP legislative co-chair. Leslie serves as the Executive Director of the School Psychology Support Network, which supports school psychologists nationally. Leslie became a NASP PREPaRE trainer in 2015 and has conducted PREPaRE workshops for the Hawaii DOE, HASP, Northern Marianas Islands schools, and Punahou School in Honolulu.  


Traci Effinger, NCSP











Traci Effinger is a Nationally Certified School Psychologists who has worked for the Hawai`i Department of Education for over 10 years. Traci has worked from preschool to high school in her daily job as a School Psychologist in addition to responding to crisis events at all levels. Traci is co-author of Crisis manual for Central district and also co-chair of the Crisis Team. She Performs data collection, progress monitoring, and professional development trainings for her district and school staff. She is one of only two people that are NASP Certified PREPaRE 3rd Edition trainers within the state of Hawaii. Traci and her colleague trained the entire country of Saipan for the CNMI Project HALIGI AWARE in PREPaRE and also presented and trained entire Punahou School District on PREPaRE Workshops 1. Traci is also a presenter in various professional development topics and has most recently presented for the Afterschool Alliance coalition on social emotional learning, behavior management, and threat assessment

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